CPER: explanation of abbreviations, prefixes (English, Greek, Latin) and acronyms concerning overall site.

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a.k.a. = also known as ...

A.k.a. is used to introduce synonyms, pseudonyms, aliases, nicknames, working names, legalized names, pen names, maiden names, etc. (Compare f.k.a. for "formerly known as".)


Ad = "At", "Regarding", "With regard to".

From Latin ad.
ad- (preposition and prefix): to, toward, at, about.
Cognate with at.


cf. is the abbreviation for the imperative singular form of the Latin word confer.
In English it commonly is read aloud as "compare".
Its meaning in that context is "consult", and the intention is to draw attention to other material or ideas that may provide either similar or contrasting arguments or information.


chp. = "Chapter".

This is a section of a book or a group of lessons in a course.
A Chapter is sometimes called: Topic.

For example:  'chp.5' means 'Chapter 5'.
Also used: 'ch.' .


e.g. = "for example", "for instance", "example given".

Abbreviation of Latin exemplī grātiā.


Fig. = Figure .

A figure is a graphical illustration in the form of: a digital picture, schema, graph, cartoon or a photo.

The English term figure is derived from the Latin word figūra meaning 'shape'.


mcq = multiple choice question.
A multiple choice question allows the student to select a single or multiple responses from a pre-defined list, by clicking on the appropriate radio-buttons.


mcq-ma = mcq - multiple answers.
This form of mcq lets the student choose several correct responses: The student may tick the checkbox before all answers that he/she believes to be correct.

mcq-mt = mcq - matching (text).
With a matching question, the answer to each of a number of sub-questions must be selected by the student from a dropdown list of possibilities (displayed as text).

mcq-n = mcq - numerical.
In a numerical question the student will see several possible answers starting with a number. In this case the student enters the correct number in the input field.

mcq-tf = mcq - true/false.
A true/false question allows the student to select one response from a pre-defined list of two options, such as:

  • True or False.
  • Yes or No.
  • 1 or 0.
  • Good or Bad.

(Logically speaking, "true" is related to 1 and "false" to 0, but this is not always the case with Good and Bad: in the 'real world' the moral statements "good" or "bad" are not per se the same as the logical parameters 1 or 0. For the sake of simplicity, we will use: good = 1 and bad = 0.)


NB = Nota Bene = "Be aware of ..." , "Please note that ...", "Pay attention" or "Take notice".

Nota bene comes from the Latin roots notāre, meaning "to note" and bene meaning "well".


qnr = questionnaire.

A questionnaire is a survey using a variety of question types, for the purpose of gathering data.
It can be used as a lesson exercise, or in an exam module.

Pictogram: Questionnaire


qst = question.

A question can be part of a lesson, quiz, or questionnaire.

Also see: mcq (= multiple choice question).

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