This glossary contains a vocabulary used by CPER concerning the overall site, regarding: meaning of scientific words, useful definitions, short explanations of some concepts, and references to reliable external sources of information on the Internet or on paper.
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Practopoiesis is an overarching biological theory from Danko
Nikolic. The term reflects the fundamental presumption on what
the common property is, that can be found across all the
different levels of organization of biological systems: to
Due to this focus on biological action, practopoiesis has a strong cybernetic flavour as it has to deal with the need of acting systems to close feedback loops.
Thus, the theory of practopoiesis builds on the concepts of
cybernetics. Cybernetic laws assumes monitor-and-act
machinery (either physical or biological):
The key novelty of practopoiesis is that it introduces the mechanisms explaining how different levels of organization mutually interact. These mechanisms help explain how genes create anatomy of the nervous system, or how anatomy creates behaviour.
Practopoiesis is a theory on how life organizes into a mind. It proposes the principles by which adaptive systems organize. It is a general theory of what it takes to be biologically intelligent. Being general, the theory is applicable to the brain as much as it is applicable to artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. What makes the theory so general is that it is grounded in the principles of cybernetics (e.g. feedback loops), rather than describing the physiological implementations of those mechanisms (e.g. inhibition/excitation, plasticity, etc.).
In practopoiesis there is no longer a cycle: action → representation → action … . Instead, practopoietic theory works with actions only, which interact and form a hierarchy: One action is in a service of another action. This hierarchy starts with actions of gene expression mechanisms and ends with our overt behavior. Perception and cognition are then understood as emergent properties of those cybernetics-like actions.
The practopoietic theory of Prof. Dr. Danko Nikolic consists of two parts:
The term Practopoiesis is derived from Ancient Greek words praxis (πρᾶξις)) meaning "deed", "act" or "action" + poiesis (ποίησις, ποιέω) which means "to make". Practopoiesis means: creation of actions.
PseudoCode is a 'language syntax shorthand notation' that uses expressions in between human language and computer programming language. A programmer tries to write down cause-effect actions, using normal human words, so that a laymen (with no programming experience) can read and understand the serie of commands (= algorithms) that execute a specific computer process.
Bio-Mental Cybernetics describes the underlying mechanism of certain cause-effect phenomena that emerged during evolution to give rise to brain processes with regard to emotions (feelings) and cognitions (thought).
Mental-pseudocode (also called: neuro-pseudocode) denotes, on the concrete level, the actual thought process as a result of functional neuronal process.
Evo-pseudocode (also called: meta-pseudocode) describes, on a meta level, the way evolution gave birth to processes by which animals obtained the ability to generate brain processes resembling human thought.
Semi-Science is an attribute given by scientists to questionable knowledge-findings of certain people or non-objective truth-claims of certain groups. This attribute indicates that the underlying facts are not (yet) properly proven according to scientific rules, or that they are based on half-truths.
This means that certain theorems can not be refuted, and should not be ignored by the scientific community, as long as science does not contain 'all answers to everything'.
The prefix Semi is derived from the Latin word semi, meaning "half" and the term Science from Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge".
CPER: a vector is an abstract reference pointer, that indicates the direction of an evolutionary trend. Within the framework of the theory of CPER, a vector resembles the definition of a mathematical pointer or physical impulse, rather than of a biological carrier.
The word Vector is derived from the Latin term vehere, which means "to carry".