Biomimicry or biomimetics is the imitation of the models,
systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving
complex human problems.
Historically, the term Mimicry originates from the domain of
biologists, who described the following phenomenon: Some animal
species, especially in the insect world, mimic the appearance of
another kind of animal, to ward off predators. Other species
obtained colours to blend away in their environment, thus to hide
from predators. For example, some harmless flies have evolved
over thousands of years to obtain the appearance of nasty wasps.
Small birds do not dare to pick at a wasp, because of the
possibility to get hurt by its nasty sting. The look-a-like wasp
(but actually a fly) profits from this aversion and survives
better than flies with a fly-like appearance. It then
reproduces this genetic quality during evolution. This
cyber-genetic mechanism secures the morphological adjustment
in visual appearance in its future offspring.
Nowadays, technological and commercial entrepreneurs are using
this term to denote the following: Scientists investigate
special qualities of certain plants or animals. Then, they try to
imitate this quality or try to produce / improve it in
laboratories as a biological technology. The next step is to
industrialize it and release it as a commercial product
to market, thus monetizing it through mass
The term Biomimicry is derived from the ancient Greek
words bios (βίος) meaning
"life", and mimesis (μίμησις)
meaning "to imitate".