Biomimicry is also called Biomimetics.
Biomimicry or biomimetics is the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems.
Historically, the term Mimicry originates from the domain of biologists, who described the following phenomenon: Some animal species, especially in the insect world, mimic the appearance of another kind of animal, to ward off predators. Other species obtained colours to blend away in their environment, thus to hide from predators. For example, some harmless flies have evolved over thousands of years to obtain the appearance of nasty wasps. Small birds do not dare to pick at a wasp, because of the possibility to get hurt by its nasty sting. The look-a-like wasp (but actually a fly) profits from this aversion and survives better than flies with a fly-like appearance. It then reproduces this genetic quality during evolution. This cyber-genetic mechanism secures the morphological adjustment in visual appearance in its future offspring.
Nowadays, technological and commercial entrepreneurs are using this term to denote the following: Scientists investigate special qualities of certain plants or animals. Then, they try to imitate this quality or try to produce / improve it in laboratories as a biological technology. The next step is to industrialize it and release it as a commercial product to market, thus monetizing it through mass production.
The term Biomimicry is derived from the ancient Greek words bios (βίος) meaning "life", and mimesis (μίμησις) meaning "to imitate".